Pulmonologist: Majid Afshar, MD, MS | Loyola Medicine

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Majid Afshar, MD, MS


Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Assistant Professor

Languages Spoken


Clinical Expertise

  • Acute Respiratory Failure
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Sepsis

About Dr. Afshar

Hiking- Travel, Wine and Food

Medical Education

Medical School
Rush Medical College of Rush University
Rush University Medical Center - Internal Medicine
  • University of Maryland/VAMC Baltimore - Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Board Certification

American Board of Internal Medicine Subspecialty Critical Care Medicine
American Board of Internal Medicine Subspecialty Pulmonary Disease
American Board of Preventive Medicine, Critical Care Medicine


  • Publicly available machine learning models for identifying opioid misuse from the clinical notes of hospitalized patients. Sharma, B; Dligach, D; Swope, K; Salisbury-Afshar, E; Karnik, NS; Joyce, C; Afshar, M, BMC MEDICAL INFORMATICS AND DECISION MAKING
  • Summary of the 2019 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting: Alcohol-mediated mechanisms of multiple organ injury. McMahan, RH; Afshar, M; Amedee, AM; Bishehsari, F; Carr, RM; Coleman, LG; Herrnreiter, CJ; Lewis, SL; Mandrekar, P; McCullough, RL; Morris, NL; Vasiliou, V; Wang, HJ; Yeligar, SM; Choudhry, MA; Kovacs, EJ, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • The authors reply. Afshar, M; Markossian, T; Joyce, C, Critical care medicine
View All ResearchShow Less
  • The Effect of Hospital Discharge with Empiric Noninvasive Ventilation on Mortality in Hospitalized Patients with Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis. Mokhlesi, B; Masa, JF; Afshar, M; Almadana Pacheco, V; Berlowitz, DJ; Borel, JC; Budweiser, S; Carrillo, A; Castro-A??n, O; Ferrer, M; Gagnadoux, F; Golpe, R; Hart, N; Howard, ME; Murphy, PB; Palm, A; Perez de Llano, LA; Piper, AJ; P?pin, JL; Priou, P; S?nchez-G?mez, JF; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Weight Loss Interventions as Treatment of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Tamae Kakazu, M; Soghier, I; Afshar, M; Brozek, JL; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Development and application of a high throughput natural language processing architecture to convert all clinical documents in a clinical data warehouse into standardized medical vocabularies. Afshar, M; Dligach, D; Sharma, B; Cai, X; Boyda, J; Birch, S; Valdez, D; Zelisko, S; Joyce, C; Modave, F; Price, R, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Dietary Patterns Asthma, and Lung Function in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)., Han, YY; Jerschow, E; Forno, E; Hua, S; Mossavar-Rahmani, Y; Perreira, K; Sotres-Alvarez, D; Afshar, M; Punjabi, NM; Thyagarajan, B; Shivappa, N; H?bert, JR; Kaplan, RC; Celed?n, JC, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Evaluation and Management of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Mokhlesi, B; Masa, JF; Brozek, JL; Gurubhagavatula, I; Murphy, PB; Piper, AJ; Tulaimat, A; Afshar, M; Balachandran, JS; Dweik, RA; Grunstein, RR; Hart, N; Kaw, R; Lorenzi-Filho, G; Pamidi, S; Patel, BK; Patil, SP; P?pin, JL; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Teodorescu, M, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • Identifying Novel Sepsis Subphenotypes Using Temperature Trajectories. Bhavani, SV; Carey, KA; Gilbert, ER; Afshar, M; Verhoef, PA; Churpek, MM, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • Natural language processing and machine learning to identify alcohol misuse from the electronic health record in trauma patients: development and internal validation. Afshar, M; Phillips, A; Karnik, N; Mueller, J; To, D; Gonzalez, R; Price, R; Cooper, R; Joyce, C; Dligach, D, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Noninvasive Ventilation versus CPAP as Initial Treatment of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Soghier, I; Brozek, JL; Afshar, M; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Outcomes in Burn-Injured Patients Who Develop Sepsis. Rech, MA; Mosier, MJ; McConkey, K; Zelisko, S; Netzer, G; Kovacs, EJ; Afshar, M, Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
  • Patient Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of a Sepsis Care Quality Improvement Program in a Health System. Afshar, M; Arain, E; Ye, C; Gilbert, E; Xie, M; Lee, J; Churpek, MM; Durazo-Arvizu, R; Markossian, T; Joyce, C, Critical care medicine
  • Physician agreement on the diagnosis of sepsis in the intensive care unit: estimation of concordance and analysis of underlying factors in a multicenter cohort. Lopansri, BK; Miller Iii, RR; Burke, JP; Levy, M; Opal, S; Rothman, RE; D'Alessio, FR; Sidhaye, VK; Balk, R; Greenberg, JA; Yoder, M; Patel, GP; Gilbert, E; Afshar, M; Parada, JP; Martin, GS; Esper, AM; Kempker, JA; Narasimhan, M; Tsegaye, A; Hahn, S; Mayo, P; McHugh, L; Rapisarda, A; Sampson, D; Brandon, RA; Seldon, TA; Yager, TD; Brandon, RB, Journal of intensive care
  • Risk factors for infection and evaluation of Sepsis-3 in patients with trauma. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Baker, MS; Joyce, C; Gilbert, E; Gonzalez, R; Afshar, M; Churpek, MM, American Journal of Surgery
  • Self-reported alcohol use in the cystic fibrosis community. Lowery, EM; Afshar, M; West, N; Kovacs, EJ; Smith, B; Joyce, C, Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
  • Subtypes in patients with opioid misuse: A prognostic enrichment strategy using electronic health record data in hospitalized patients. Afshar, M; Joyce, C; Dligach, D; Sharma, B; Kania, R; Xie, M; Swope, K; Salisbury-Afshar, E; Karnik, NS, PLoS ONE
  • The Role of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in Adults with Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Afshar, M; Brozek, JL; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Toward a clinical text encoder: pretraining for clinical natural language processing with applications to substance misuse. Dligach, D; Afshar, M; Miller, T, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Validation of an Alcohol Misuse Classifier in Hospitalized Patients. To, D; Sharma, B; Karnik, N; Joyce, C; Dligach, D; Afshar, M, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • A Computable Phenotype for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Using Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning. Afshar, M; Joyce, C; Oakey, A; Formanek, P; Yang, P; Churpek, MM; Cooper, RS; Zelisko, S; Price, R; Dligach, D, AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium
  • Age-related immune responses after burn and inhalation injury are associated with altered clinical outcomes Frankel, J. H.; Boe, D. M.; Albright, J. M.; O'Halloran, E. B.; Carter, S. R.; Davis, C. S.; Ramirez, L.; Burnham, E. L.; Gamelli, R. L.; Afshar, M.; Kovacs, E. J., Experimental gerontology
  • Effects of binge alcohol consumption on sleep and inflammation in healthy volunteers. Wilkinson, AN; Afshar, M; Ali, O; Bhatti, W; Hasday, JD; Netzer, G; Verceles, AC, The Journal of international medical research
  • Helping Patients With ESRD and Earlier Stages of CKD to Quit Smoking. Formanek, P; Salisbury-Afshar, E; Afshar, M, American Journal of Kidney Diseases : The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
  • Impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid Expansion on Cancer Admissions and Surgeries. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Kothari, AN; Molefe, A; Afshar, M; Aranha, GV; Kuo, PC, Annals of Surgery
  • Injury Characteristics and von Willebrand Factor for the Prediction of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Patients With Burn Injury: Development and Internal Validation. Afshar, M; Burnham, EL; Joyce, C; Gagnon, R; Dunn, R; Albright, JM; Ramirez, L; Repine, JE; Netzer, G; Kovacs, EJ, Annals of Surgery
  • Optimal Cut-Points for Phosphatidylethanol Vary by Clinical Setting: Response to Nguyen and Seth's (2018) Letter to the Editor. Afshar, M; Burnham, EL; Joyce, C; Kovacs, EJ; Lowery, EM, Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • Racial and Ethnic Postoperative Outcomes After Surgery: The Hispanic Paradox. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Kirshenbaum, EJ; Afshar, M; Kuo, PC, The Journal of surgical research
  • Risk Factors and Outcomes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Critically Ill Patients with Cirrhosis. Yang, P; Formanek, P; Scaglione, S; Afshar, M, Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
  • Summary of the 2017 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting. Hulsebus, HJ; Curtis, BJ; Molina, PE; Afshar, M; Boule, LA; Morris, N; Keshavarzian, A; Kolls, JK; Yeligar, SM; Price, ME; Wyatt, TA; Choudhry, MA; Kovacs, EJ, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Use of alcohol biomarkers to identify alcohol misuse in organ donors. Lowery, EM; Walsh, M; Yong, M; Kovacs, EJ; Joyce, C; Afshar, M, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Validation of a Host Response Assay Septicyte LAB, for Discriminating Sepsis from SIRS in the ICU, Miller Iii, R. R.; Lopansri, B. K.; Burke, J. P.; Levy, M.; Opal, S.; Rothman, R. E.; D'Alessio, F. R.; Sidhaye, V. K.; Aggarwal, N. R.; Balk, R.; Greenberg, J. A.; Yoder, M.; Patel, G.; Gilbert, E.; Afshar, M.; Parada, J. P.; Martin, G. S.; Esper, A. M.; Kempker, J. A.; Narasimhan, M.; Tsegaye, A.; Hahn, S.; Mayo, P.; van der Poll, T.; Schultz, M. J.; Scicluna, B. P.; Klein Klouwenberg, P.; Rapisarda, A.; Seldon, T. A.; McHugh, L. C.; Yager, T. D.; Cermelli, S.; Sampson, D.; Rothwell, V.; Newman, R.; Bhide, S.; Kirk, J. T.; Navalkar, K.; Davis, R. F.; Brandon, R. A.; Brandon, R. B., AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • A computable phenotype for asthma case identification in adult and pediatric patients: External validation in the Chicago Area Patient-Outcomes Research Network (CAPriCORN) Afshar, M.; Press, V. G.; Robison, R. G.; Kho, A. N.; Bandi, S.; Biswas, A.; Avila, P. C.; Kumar, H. V. M.; Yu, B.; Naureckas, E. T.; Nyenhuis, S. M.; Codispoti, C. D., The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
  • Alcohol is Not Protective against Mortality Following Traumatic Brain Injury Albrecht, J. S.; Afshar, M.; Stein, D. M.; Smith, G. S., American Journal of Epidemiology
  • Association of Serum Lipids and Obstructive Lung Disease in Hispanic/Latino Adults of Diverse Backgrounds Afshar, M.; Wu, D.; Durazo-Arvizu, R.; Aguilar, F. G.; Kalhan, R.; Davis, S. M.; Kaplan, R.; Klein, O. L.; Mende, E. P.; Pattany, M. S.; Daviglus, M. L., Journal of pulmonary & respiratory medicine
  • Comparison of Automated Methods Versus the American Burn Association Sepsis Definition to Identify Sepsis and Sepsis With Organ Dysfunction/Septic Shock in Burn-Injured Adults Rech, M. A.; Mosier, M. J.; Zelisko, S.; Netzer, G.; Kovacs, E. J.; Afshar, M., Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
  • Cut-Point Levels of Phosphatidylethanol to Identify Alcohol Misuse in a Mixed Cohort Including Critically Ill Patients Afshar, M.; Burnham, E. L.; Joyce, C.; Clark, B. J.; Yong, M.; Gaydos, J.; Cooper, R. S.; Smith, G. S.; Kovacs, E. J.; Lowery, E. M., Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • Family Presence at First Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Subsequent Limitations on Care in the Medical Intensive Care Unit Krochmal, R. L.; Blenko, J. W.; Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Roy, S. C.; Wiegand, D. L.; Shanholtz, C. B., American Journal of Critical Care : An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
  • Letter to the Editor: Ding Q Wang Z, Shen M, Su Z, and Shen L (2017) Acute Alcohol Exposure and Risk of Mortality of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Afshar, M.; Albrecht, J. S., Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • The Contributing Risk of Tobacco Use for ARDS Development in Burn-Injured Adults With Inhalation Injury Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Mosier, M. J.; Cooper, R. S.; Adams, W.; Burnham, E. L.; Kovacs, E. J.; Durazo-Arvizu, R.; Kliethermes, S., Respiratory care
  • Advanced Age Alters Monocyte and Macrophage Responses Albright, J. M.; Dunn, R. C.; Shults, J. A.; Boe, D. M.; Afshar, M.; Kovacs, E., Antioxidants & redox signaling
  • Alveolar macrophage inflammatory mediator expression is elevated in the setting of alcohol use disorders O'Halloran, E. B.; Curtis, B. J.; Afshar, M.; Chen, M. M.; Kovacs, E. J.; Burnham, E. L., Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Azithromycin use and outcomes in severe sepsis patients with and without pneumonia Afshar, M.; Foster, C. L.; Layden, J. E.; Burnham, E. L., Journal of critical care
  • Exhaled nitric oxide levels among adults with excessive alcohol consumption Afshar, M.; Poole, J. A.; Cao, G.; Durazo, R.; Cooper, R. C.; Kovacs, E. J.; Sisson, J. H., Chest
  • Ten-year Single Center Experience of Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumors and Diagnostic Yield of Bronchoscopic Biopsy Dixon, R. K.; Britt, E. J.; Netzer, G. A.; Afshar, M.; Burke, A.; Liu, S.; Jean, J.; Shah, N. G., LUNG
  • Trauma indices for prediction of acute respiratory distress syndrome Afshar, M.; Smith, G. S.; Cooper, R. S.; Murthi, S.; Netzer, G., The Journal of surgical research
  • Acute immunomodulatory effects of binge alcohol ingestion Afshar, M.; Richards, S.; Mann, D.; Cross, A.; Smith, G. B.; Netzer, G.; Kovacs, E.; Hasday, J., Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome and outcomes after near hanging Mansoor, S.; Afshar, M.; Barrett, M.; Smith, G. S.; Barr, E. A.; Lissauer, M. E.; McCurdy, M. T.; Murthi, S. B.; Netzer, G., The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Alcohol exposure injury, and death in trauma patients, Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Murthi, S.; Smith, G. S., The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
  • Injured patients with very high blood alcohol concentrations Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Salisbury-Afshar, E.; Murthi, S.; Smith, G. S., Injury
  • Blood alcohol content injury severity, and adult respiratory distress syndrome, Afshar, M.; Smith, G. S.; Terrin, M. L.; Barrett, M.; Lissauer, M. E.; Mansoor, S.; Jeudy, J.; Netzer, G., The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
  • Half of the family members of critically ill patients experience excessive daytime sleepiness Verceles, A. C.; Corwin, D. S.; Afshar, M.; Friedman, E. B.; McCurdy, M. T.; Shanholtz, C.; Oakjones, K.; Zubrow, M. T.; Titus, J.; Netzer, G., Intensive care medicine
  • The international epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome: how can we think locally and measure globally?* Afshar, M.; Netzer, G., Critical care medicine
  • Update in critical care for the nephrologist: transfusion in nonhemorrhaging critically ill patients Afshar, M.; Netzer, G., Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Nonpharmacologic approach to minimizing shivering during surface cooling: a proof of principle study Shah, N. G.; Cowan, M. J.; Pickering, E.; Sareh, H.; Afshar, M.; Fox, D.; Marron, J.; Davis, J.; Herold, K.; Shanholtz, C. B.; Hasday, J. D., Journal of critical care
  • Pulmonary hypertension in elderly patients with diastolic dysfunction and preserved ejection fraction Afshar, M.; Collado, F.; Doukky, R., The open cardiovascular medicine journal
  • Narrative review: tetanus-a health threat after natural disasters in developing countries Afshar, M.; Raju, M.; Ansell, D.; Bleck, T. P., Annals of Internal Medicine
  • A 74-year-old man with an enlarging pleural-based mass that was not a mesothelioma Afshar, M.; Kim, A. W.; Liptay, M. J.; Leyenson, V.; Wirtz, W.; Kahan, E.; Ries, M., The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon